Although the Republic of Austria has adopted several laws on the restitution of confiscated assets since 1945, the results of investigations by the Commission for Provenance Research and the recommendations of the Advisory Board show that many confiscated objects are still owned by the state.

The Art Restitution Act was adopted in 1998. It authorizes the federal ministers responsible for the respective federal collections containing the objects acquired by the state as a consequence of actions during the Nazi era to return these objects to their original owners or legal successors. (History/parliamentary amendment procedure)